The Current Conditions Index (CCI) is a monthly indicator that details the present state of the Rhode Island economy by following the behavior of twelve key economic indicators pertaining to housing, retail sales, fiscal pressures, the employment situation, and labor supply:
The CCI ranges
from 0, when no indicators improve compared to year-earlier levels, to
100, when all twelve show improvement. Values above 50, the "neutral" value, indicate that the
Rhode Island economy is expanding, while values below 50 are indicative
of contraction. Prior to "The Great Recession" that began in June of 2007, the CCI had never attained a value of 0, indicating that no indicators improved relative to year-earlier values. This changed in 2008, when the CCI fell to 0 on three occasions, and in 2009, when another value of 0 was recorded. Prior to this, the low for the CCI had been 8, which occurred for only a single month on several occasions. For almost all of 2008, the CCI recorded values of 8. The CCI
attained its maximum value of 100 on several occasions, for almost all of 1984 and
once in 1986. Note that these values occurred exclusively when Rhode Island was still a manufacturing-based economy.
Just when it appeared that Rhode Island's economy was beginning to re-accelerate, bringing back memories of late 2012, along comes June's data that abruptly shatters that notion and then some. The June Current Conditions Index value fell all the way back to its neutral value of 50, as only six of the twelve CCI indicators improved. Worse yet, April's value that had been 58 has been revised down to 50 as well. Not exactly life in the fast lane!
To say that Rhode Island's overall performance in 2014 has been somewhat disappointing has now become an understatement. Not only did we never get the post-winter bounce we were hoping for, even the good-weather months are proving to be very disappointing. What I find perplexing about Rhode Island's most recent performance is that in spite of an improving national economy, we continue to flounder.
Perhaps the most pressing issue now is whether Rhode Island has begun to decouple from the accelerating national economy. Apparently, Rhode Island's negatives are finally catching up to its positives, increasingly diminishing overall momentum. This is part of the reason why Rhode Island has been unable to reduce its Unemployment Rate to a level that would end its prolonged stretch as the state with the highest jobless rate. Think about this for a moment - not only does Rhode Island lag in terms of its relative performance, if recent trends continue, it will begin to lag in terms of its absolute performance as well. I now characterize Rhode Island's performance as moving from precarious to tenuous, with June marking the eleventh consecutive month where the CCI has failed to beat its year-earlier value.
For June, only two of the five leading indicators contained within the Current Conditions Index improved, although both did so at healthy rates. Single-Unit Permits, which reflect new home construction, turned in yet another strong performance in June, rising by 23.7 percent relative to last June. Total Manufacturing Hours, which measures strength in our manufacturing sector, rose sharply again in June (+4.3%), as both the length of the workweek rose and manufacturing employment increased. Oddly, in spite of this continuing manufacturing momentum, the Manufacturing Wage actually declined for a fourth consecutive time in June, by 2.3 percent.
Retail Sales was one of the few bright spots for June, rising by 3.4 percent compared to a year ago. This indicator has now improved for six of the last eight months. Private Service-Producing Employment rose by 1.2 percent in June, slightly slower than its May growth. Government Employment fell once again, declining by 0.3 percent versus last June. Finally, Rhode Island's Labor Force actually rose again June, while our Unemployment Rate fell to 7.9, but remained #1.
You can download monthly reports
in PDF format starting
Historical Annual CCI Values
Copyright © 2008,2009, 2010Leonard Lardaro, Ph.D. All rights reserved.